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All Posts Tagged: pigmentation on face

Keratosis Pilaris – Causes, Management and Treatment


The skin has a protein called keratin that protects it from infections and other harmful toxins. For various reasons, mostly unknown, but likely genetic, there could be a build up of this keratin leading to small, light-colored, hard bumps under the skin that can feel like sandpaper. This condition is medically known as keratosis pilaris. These pillars of keratin block the hair follicles that open onto the surface of the skin, and when a number of follicles are blocked, it leads to dry, bumpy feeling. In common words, it is also referred to as chicken skin, chicken bumps, or goose bumps.

  1. Occurrence: The onset is usually in the first decade of life, continues to grow in number in teenagers, and slowly subsides as they grow older. People with dry skin are more likely to have these bumps than people with oily skin. The most commonly affected areas include upper arms, thighs, buttocks and very rarely on the face.
  2. Cause: This is a genetic disorder, and the bumps are due to excessive formation and buildup of keratin due to faulty genes. There could be surplus skin formation under these follicles or hair follicles trapped under these bumps. There could be a small area of inflammation and redness around the bumps.
  3. Weather Correlation: Keratosis pilaris is more common and evident during the winter months when the skin is normally drier than in summer months. Some people could have this condition lifelong, with only manifestation seen in winters and complete absence of bumps in the summer months.
  4. Symptoms: The condition is usually asymptomatic, except for the dryness, and does not cause itching or medical harm. The esthetic concern, especially if in upper arms, is the only concern. Some people could be affected by the hard, bumpy feeling of the skin. There are no long-term medical symptoms or harmful effects of this condition though.
  5. Treatment: No treatment is required; however, moisturizers may be required to prevent the bumps from drying up. In very severe cases, creams may be used to remove dead skin cells and to prevent plugged follicles. Alpha hydroxy acid, salicylic acid, or lactic acid containing creams can be used to remove the dead skin cells. These also help moisturize the skin and reduce dryness. Vitamin A containing creams can be used to unplug the hair follicles.
  6. A word of caution though: These creams can cause itching and redness. Since this condition is prevalent in children, these creams need to be used only if absolutely essential and with medical prescriptions. The condition is harmless and self-limiting, so no treatment is mandatory. Patient education is of utmost importance in these cases.
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pigmentation on face

Melasma: Pigmentation on Face

A beautiful and clear skin is what everyone wants. Nothing is more envied than a skin with clear complexion. But sometimes, we get blotchy, brownish patches on our skin which are known as uneven pigmentation or Melasma. It is caused by excess production of melanin in our body. The pigmentation can be caused by direct contact with harmful sun rays, pollution or other environmental changes, hormonal imbalance, pregnancy and sometimes as a symptom of some chronic internal organ disease or the medication taken for such diseases. Melasma is more common in women than men and affets between the age of 20-40 years. Hence, it is important to consult a Dermatologist to get the right diagnosis and right treatment on time in order to reduce of pigmentation on face.


Epidermal Melasma : This type of pigmentation responds well to treatment and has a prominent dark brown colour which can be easily distinguished from the normal skin.
Dermal Melasma:
This kind of Melasma is light brown or blue coloured and merges with the original skin colour.
Mixed Melasma: This type of pigmentation on face is very common. It is a combination of Epidermal & Dermal pigmentation and hence is a mix of dark brown, light brown and blue coloured patches. There’s only partial improvement in mixed melasma with the help of an expert treatment.

There are some Adjuvant treatments which help you reduce of pigmentation on face
Chemical Peels– Skin peeling has been used as skin rejuvenation therapy since centuries in the form of sour milk to red wine facials and baths. Chemical peels remove the top layer of the skin, and help the new skin to grow back there by imparting a younger, fresher skin with improved texture.
Meso Facials-A complex and extremely effective lightening treatment that illuminates the complexion reduces discolouration and evens out skin tone. Vitamin C and other active ingredients infused into the skin using electrophoration provide protection from free radicals and renew the epidermal layer of your skin.
Insta-Glow Peel Facial- Designed for individuals for whom time is a luxury. These quick fix secrets will have your skin looking nourished, hydrated and glowing in no time at all.
Laser Toning-A treatment using 1064 nm wavelength of Q Switched Nd:YAG laser, based on the principle of selective destruction of pigmented cells.


It isn’t really difficult to have a flawless skin. If we take care of our skin and make it a routine we can avoid pigmentation on face/skin. Here are some points which can be practised in daily life to avoid pigmentation:

  • Refrain from direct exposure to sunlight and use sunscreen lotions as recommended by your dermatologist.
  • Be careful of what you eat. Include healthy and fresh foods in your diet and avoid oily, packed or junk foods.
  • Make it a habit to maintain personal hygiene.
  • Stay happy. Because in some cases it has been found that emotional stress can cause excess production of melanin.
  • You can use make-up if you want to hide the pigmentation on your face.

Melasma takes time to get recovered even if you take proper treatment from a dermatologist. So, it is advisable to take care of your daily routine to prevent the pigmentation and consult a dermatologist as soon as you start seeing the symptoms.

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Common Face Skin Problems

Common Face Skin Problems

Face skin problems can happen at any age and influence a wide assortment of various individuals. Skin break out, age spots, acne, substantial pores, and wrinkles are the most well-known Face skin problems however there are other facial conditions that can be bothersome.
Sometimes changes in your skin happen all of a sudden, yet different issues can create over long period of time.
Great and healthy skin practices can avert numerous face skin problems, and should begin at a very early age. As you age, a great skin health management regimen will permit you to keep up firm, smooth, and solid skin. Maturing and sun presentation take a toll on your skin’s appearance. Some face skin issues are the aftereffect of hereditary qualities, infections, or diseases. More genuine face skin issues should be dealt with by a dermatologist, yet a few blemishes can be dealt with successfully at home.
Here is a list of some common face skin problems:
A standout amongst the most widely recognized face skin problems for young people is acne, an alarming skin condition that can influence certainty and self-regard. Despite the fact that acne is not unsafe to well being and will more often than not leave after time, moderate to extreme skin inflammation can leave scars.
Hyper pigmentation alludes to earthy patches that show up on the skin as a consequence of skin inflammation. The condition can be compounded either sun harm or hereditary qualities. These patches look like substantial spots and typically show up on the face, neck, hands, feet or legs. Despite the fact that they are not harmful, numerous individuals wish to have these face skin problem uprooted for restorative reasons.
Substantial Pores
Pores are the little openings in the surface of the skin through which saturating oils are discharged. At the point when pores on the face are sufficiently vast to be noticeable, they can bring about dissatisfaction and also face skin issues. To some degree, pore size is genetic, yet pores additionally seem bigger when they contain caught oil and skin cells.
Described by facial redness and swelling, rosacea is a face skin problem that can show up at any age. Rosacea for the most part grows gradually at to start with, seeming occasionally as a facial flush. The condition exacerbates after some time and seldom determines all alone.

A scar is a territory of skin that is alternate shading or composition from encompassing skin those outcomes after harm recuperates. Although most scars blur after some time, certain sorts and those that happen in detectable ranges might stay evident for a lifetime. Scars are restorative face skin issues that don’t require therapeutic treatment; however their vicinity can be baffling.
Dark Circles
Obscured skin underneath the eyes is a typical face skin problem brought about by components, for example, heredity, absence of rest, hypersensitivities, eating regimen, and sun introduction.
Wrinkles and lines on the skin are among the most widely recognized face skin problem for ladies and men as they age. Lines and wrinkles show up where skin actually overlays and wrinkles, turning out to be more perpetual over the long haul. Sun introduction, smoking, and great eating less carbs can rush this impact, making skin look more seasoned than it is.
A restorative dermatologist can recommend proficient healthy skin and perform a wide assortment of extremely compelling methodology to smooth and revive skin.
If you see signs that your acne is leaving a scar on your skin, you don’t have to grin and bear it. There are lots of ways to heal your scars and keep new ones from forming. Contact Skinology experts to heal your acne and acne scars.

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Natural Cure For Pigmentation On Face

Direct and continuous exposure to sun and unfavorably susceptible conditions can bring about pigmentation. Heredity also assumes as an awesome part in choosing whether you are vulnerable to pigmentation on skin. Accordingly, if your mom and grandma had pigmentation of skin, it is probably that you too would be confronted with the condition. The best solution for this problem is natural home remedies. Indeed, even a heredity activated condition can be significantly decreased by the utilization of natural cures.

Here is a list of Natural remedies for Pigmentation on Face:

  • Potato:

Potatoes are a great source of starch as well as keep a large group of skin pigmentation issues like melasma, dark circles, hyper and hypopigmentation. For utilizing potatoes for pigmentation of skin, cut one medium estimated potato into two and put a couple drops of water on the surface. Rub it on the pigmented region so that the juice of potato follows up on the skin. If you have additional time close by, mesh the potatoes and press the juice out of it. Apply on the age spots and abandon it on for 60 minutes. Flush with warm water. Doing this for a month will give you detectable contrast in your pigmented skin.

  • Lemon And Cucumber

Two magnificent skin, helping agents when assembled can most likely work great. The cool touch of cucumber and the helping activity of lemon make you feel great, if you give it enough significance and apply it consistently. Apply each day in the morning and evening and abandon it on for 20 minute

If you don’t have both these helping operators, don’t stress. They can make great results when connected all alone too. Lemon is a characteristic dye and cucumber is utilized for dark circles which too is a type of pigmentation on face.

  • Papaya

If you have a papaya tree in your home, you are in good fortune. Grate the papaya and remove the juice out of it. Apply on the pigmented skin and hold up quietly, presumably for a month till you can see stunning results. The catalyst papain in papaya is utilized for skin shedding. Recovery of new skin cells, each time you do a crude papaya treatment will evacuate the pigmented layers of skin each time you do a peeling and lessen lastly uproot the pigmented mark.

  • Almond And Milk

Dryness can also cause pigmentation on face. For this, uprooting the dryness of the skin is crucial in evacuating pigmentation. Almond has regular unsaturated fats and supplements that can exceptionally well saturate the skin and support it, evacuating any hints of pigmentation on the skin. The common saturating oil in milk also can viably battle dryness of skin. Milk is additionally a skin lightening agent. For utilizing milk and almonds, douse almonds overnight. Evacuate the cover and make paste with milk cream. Apply to the pigmented area. Almonds help in banishing dull pigmentation on the skin.

  • Guava And Banana

The lycopene content in guava has made it an incredible home remedy for treating obscuring of skin because of the presentation to the sun and dim pigmentation. The banana sheds the skin and helps pigmented territories. Blend the mash of guava and banana and apply on the face. Wash off following 15-20 minutes. Doing this consistently will evacuate a wide range of pigmentation on the skin.

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